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2021年大专士兵考军校英语语法:状语从句

2021-01-12 14:33:15来源:中公教育研究与辅导专家阅读次数:

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在复合句中,起状语作用的从句称作状语从句。如果状语从句位于主句前,一般用逗号将其与主句隔开。状语从句按照意义和作用可分为:时间状语从句,地点状语从句,原因状语从句,条件状语从句,结果状语从句,目的状语从句,比较状语从句,方式状语从句,让步状语从句。

【重难点点拨】状语从句引导词

种类 引导
时间状语 when, whenever, while, as, before, after, until, till, by the time, hardly…when, as soon as, no sooner…than, the moment, the minute, immediately, directly, instantly
地点状语 where, wherever
原因状语 because, as, since, now that, in that
条件状语 if, unless, once, in case, as long as, on condition that
结果状语 so…that, such…that
目的状语 so that, in order that, for fear that, lest
比较状语 than, as…as, not so/ as…as, the more…the more
方式状语 as if, as though, as
让步状语 though, although, even if, even though, as, whether, no matter what, whatever, no matter who, whoever, no matter which, whichever, no matter how, however, no matter when, whenever

如:When I got to the airport, I suddenly remembered that I had left the ticket behind. (时间状语从句)

I will stand where I can see the students. (地点状语从句)

As / Since the school regulations are written quite clearly, there is nothing more to be explained. (原因状语从句)

I will not go to her party unless she invites me. (条件状语从句)

He will not give up smoking even though the doctor advises him to.(让步状语从句)

(1)判:去掉划出的从句,剩余句子成分完整;

(2)译:翻译句子,判断主句和从句的逻辑关系,选择合适的引导词。如:

We began to work as soon as we got there. 我们一到那就开始工作了。

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